December 15, 1791 marks the most momentous day in human history. On that day, the first ten amendments to the then-new United States Constitution were ratified, placing severe limits -- for the first time in in thousands of years -- on the power of government over the individual. Those amendments are commonly called the Bill of Rights. Despite what lawyers, judges, politicians, and policemen would prefer that you believe to the contrary, they are the highest law of the land. They are the result of a compromise agreement between two distinct groups within the ranks of America's Founding Fathers, the Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, who wanted a "strong central government" and, led by Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry, the Anti-Federalists, who didn't.