When I read DKR's post I got to thinking..... (I know usually that is the first mistake ) The code was an obstacle for many; so IMO a no code license was a good thing... Plus in years past, the Advanced Class was filled with electronic gurus and 8 hour a day technical types who could not copy 20 WPM. The best part is the crowd, isn't in my end of the Bands. lol.. I hold an Extra Class and I was a VE. Your post reminded me I am not "paying back" as I once did. Thanks! Technically, Morse is a single 800 Hz tone and human voice is between 60 to 7000 Hz; it is a very complex mix of frequencies. In poor RX/TX conditions CW usually wins. The poorest operating conditions imaginable would be after an EMP, nuclear exchange, another Carrington event etc. Is no code wise for shtf? YMMV.