Land Grant Colleges/Universities

Discussion in 'Freedom and Liberty' started by stg58, Dec 4, 2015.

  1. stg58

    stg58 Monkey+++ Founding Member

    It is incredible that our fore fathers had the vision to create a framework of an education system in the 1800's that stands today as a system that is the envy of the world by giving states at the time low/no value land.

    Pulled into focus, the clowns we elect today who can not walk and chew gum without a million dollar PAC.

    Political action committee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.

    Land-grant university - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    • The history of land grant colleges of agriculture is intertwined with the history of higher education for U.S. citizens of average means. The land grant system began in 1862 with a piece of legislation known as the Morrill Act (see box copy, p. 2). This law gave states public lands provided the lands be sold or used for profit and the proceeds used to establish at least one college—hence, land grant colleges—that would teach agriculture and the mechanical arts. Land grants for the establishment of colleges of agriculture and mechanical arts were also later given to U.S. territories and the District of Columbia. The legislative mandate for these land grant colleges helped extend higher education to broad segments of the U.S. population.

    • Public universities existed already in some states; however, most states responded to the Morrill Act by legislating new agricultural and mechanical arts colleges rather than by endowing existing state institutions (Kerr, 1987). The act gave rise to a network of often poorly financed colleges known as the ''1862s'' (Table 1-1; Figure 1-1). The Second Morrill Act, which provided for annual appropriations to each state to support its land grant college, was passed by Congress in 1890.

    • In addition to appropriating funding, the Second Morrill Act also forbade racial discrimination in admissions policies for colleges receiving these federal funds. A state could escape this provision, however, if separate institutions were maintained and the funds divided in a "just," but not necessarily equal, manner. Thus the 1890 act led to the establishment of land grant institutions for African Americans. Today there are 17 1890 institutions—including one private institution, Tuskegee University—located primarily in the southeast (Table 1-1; Figure 1-1). In addition to being part of the land grant system, these 17 1890 schools are among the more than 100 historically black colleges and universities in the United States.

    duane, Tully Mars and Ganado like this.
  2. duane

    duane Monkey+++

    When Minn was plotted out, townships and such were set out, some land in each township was set aside for public schools with the idea that the sale of the land would pay for a grade 1-8 school to provide basic education to all. Attended one of those one room schoolhouses in the 1940's. In our district each family with a child in school had to provide one cord of firewood and in theory board the teacher for 1 month each year. Mom was the school treasurer and I faintly recall her and dad being shocked that it cost almost $7,000 to educate 18 children for one year. The basic model worked in 1860's Minn and would work again. But it requires the parents share the expense and duty of educating their children and would not work prior to TSHTF.
    pearlselby, stg58 and Tully Mars like this.
  3. Ganado

    Ganado Monkey+++

    One square mile in every township is granted to schools

    School Lands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    School Lands are land grants established in support of education. Support for public education in the United States predates the constitution; two years before the adoption of the United States Constitution of 1787, the Congress of the Confederation provided support for public schooling by establishing the land grants in the Land Ordinance of May 20, 1785[1] which granted Section 16 (one square mile) of every township to be used for public education: "There shall be reserved the Lot No. 16, of every township, for the maintenance of public schools within said township."[2][3]


    The plan for numbering sections of a township was adopted in the Land Ordinance of 1785. Section 16 of each township was reserved for "maintenance of public schools within said township."
    In the land ordinance, the township is not a civil township but a surveying unit: a six mile by six mile square, divided into 36 one square mile sections. The one square mile Section 16 is located near the center of the township. (For states surveyed under the federal rectangular system, survey townships and civil townships usually have the same boundaries, but there are many exceptions.)[4]

    The School Lands are part of the Ohio Lands,[4] comprising land grants in Ohio from the United States federal government for public schools. According to the Official Ohio Lands Book,[4] "by 1920, 73,155,075 acres of public land had been given by the federal government to the public land states in support of public schooling."

    In the Land Ordinance of 1785 provision was also made by land grant for higher education (the College Lands).
  4. duane

    duane Monkey+++

    We had our act together then. Decentralize it and let the people do it. No common standards, no massive government expenditures and the goal being a practical education for all for just about the first time in history.
    Ganado and pearlselby like this.
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