Our National Anthem

Discussion in 'Freedom and Liberty' started by Minuteman, Aug 17, 2009.


  1. Minuteman

    Minuteman Chaplain Moderator Founding Member

    This is the story behind our national anthem like you never heard it before. I never learned this in school. It's a shame, or a crime, that they don't teach our children our true history.


    http://fsblog.s3.amazonaws.com/TheStarSpangledBanner.wmv
     
  2. RightHand

    RightHand Pioneer in a New World Moderator Founding Member

    Thanks for the link MM - I have already forwarded it to my grandchildren and a few friends.
     
  3. gunbunny

    gunbunny Never Trust A Bunny

    I feel lucky that I took American History I and II in college, even though they required World History for the credit. I took it also, but didn't have anywhere near as much enthusiasm. My teacher was great; he covered the shelling of the fort and the creation of the lyrics of our national anthem. To all of his credit, he sure didn't tell it like that! I forwarded the link to my friends and family.

    On another note, how many out there knows that we have four verses to our national anthem? That's right, the first three verses are a history lesson so we don't forget, but the last verse (my personal favorite) tells us how we should act as Americans:

    O, thus be it ever when freemen shall stand,
    Between their lov'd homes and the war's desolation;
    Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land
    Praise the Pow'r that hath made and preserv'd us a nation!
    Then conquer we must, when our cause is just,
    And this be our motto: "In God is our trust"
    And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
    O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

    The hymnals that are in my church only have the first and last verses. We sing the Star Spangled Banner on occasion throughout the year; on Memorial Day, Veteran's Day, and the 4th of July.
     
  4. Seacowboys

    Seacowboys Senior Member Founding Member

    Early history of the lyrics

    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    An artist's rendering of the battle at Fort McHenry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:US_Locator_Blank.svg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/US_Locator_Blank.svg/283px-US_Locator_Blank.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/2/2f/US_Locator_Blank.svg/283px-US_Locator_Blank.svg.png.


    On September 3, 1814, Francis Scott Key and John Stuart Skinner - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png/255px-By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/3/39/By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png/255px-By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png, an American prisoner-exchange agent, set sail from Baltimore aboard the ship HMS Minden (1810) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg" class="image" title="Royal Navy Ensign"><img alt="Royal Navy Ensign" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg/60px-Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/9/9c/Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg/60px-Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png flying a White flag - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:White_Flag.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cd/White_Flag.jpg/220px-White_Flag.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/c/cd/White_Flag.jpg/220px-White_Flag.jpg on a mission approved by James Madison - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:James_Madison.jpg" class="image" title="James Madison"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1d/James_Madison.jpg/225px-James_Madison.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/1/1d/James_Madison.jpg/225px-James_Madison.jpg. Their objective was to secure the release of William Beanes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png/240px-By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/3/39/By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png/240px-By_Dawn%27s_Early_Light_1912.png, the elderly and popular town physician of Upper Marlboro, and a friend of Key’s who had been captured in his home. Beanes was accused of aiding the arrest of British soldiers. Key and Skinner boarded the British Flagship - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:HMS_Victory_1884.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/HMS_Victory_1884.jpg/270px-HMS_Victory_1884.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/9/9e/HMS_Victory_1884.jpg/270px-HMS_Victory_1884.jpg HMS Tonnant (1798) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Tonnant_LeBreton_PX8975.jpg" class="image" title="Tonnant at the Battle of the Nile"><img alt="Tonnant at the Battle of the Nile" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b2/Tonnant_LeBreton_PX8975.jpg/300px-Tonnant_LeBreton_PX8975.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/b/b2/Tonnant_LeBreton_PX8975.jpg/300px-Tonnant_LeBreton_PX8975.jpg on September 7 and spoke with Major General http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Ross_(general) and then-Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Alexander_Cochrane.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Alexander_Cochrane.jpg/200px-Alexander_Cochrane.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/7/77/Alexander_Cochrane.jpg/200px-Alexander_Cochrane.jpg over dinner, while they discussed war plans. At first, Ross and Cochrane refused to release Beanes, but relented after Key and Skinner showed them letters written by wounded British prisoners praising Beanes and other Americans for their kind treatment.
    Because Key and Skinner had heard details of the plans for Battle of Baltimore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Ft._Henry_bombardement_1814.jpg" class="image"><img alt="Ft. Henry bombardement 1814.jpg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Ft._Henry_bombardement_1814.jpg/300px-Ft._Henry_bombardement_1814.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/e/e4/Ft._Henry_bombardement_1814.jpg/300px-Ft._Henry_bombardement_1814.jpg, they were held captive until after the battle, first aboard HMS Surprise (1812) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg" class="image" title="RN Ensign"><img alt="RN Ensign" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg/60px-Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/9/9c/Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg/60px-Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png, and later back on the HMS Minden. After the bombardment, certain British gunboats attempted to slip past the fort and effect a landing in a cove to the west of it, but they were turned away by fire from nearby Fort Covington, the city's last line of defense.
    During the rainy night, Key had witnessed the bombardment and observed that the Fortification - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Crac_des_chevaliers_syria.jpeg" class="image"><img alt="A stone castle with two high curtain walls, one within the other. They are crenelated and studded with projecting towers, both rectangular and rounded. The castle is on a promontory high above the surrounding landscape." src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5a/Crac_des_chevaliers_syria.jpeg/300px-Crac_des_chevaliers_syria.jpeg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/5/5a/Crac_des_chevaliers_syria.jpeg/300px-Crac_des_chevaliers_syria.jpeg’s smaller "storm flag" continued to fly, but once the shell and Congreve rocket - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Russian_soldier_with_Congrave_rocket_in_1826-1828.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Russian_soldier_with_Congrave_rocket_in_1826-1828.png/170px-Russian_soldier_with_Congrave_rocket_in_1826-1828.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/d/d6/Russian_soldier_with_Congrave_rocket_in_1826-1828.png/170px-Russian_soldier_with_Congrave_rocket_in_1826-1828.png<sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference">[4]</sup> barrage had stopped, he would not know how the battle had turned out until dawn. By then, the storm flag had been lowered, and the larger flag had been raised.
    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    15-star, 15-stripe "Star-Spangled Banner" flag


    Key was inspired by the American victory and the sight of the large Flag of the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_United_States.svg" class="image" title="Flag of the United States of America"><img alt="See adjacent text." src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/200px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/200px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png flying triumphantly above the fort. This flag, with fifteen stars and fifteen stripes, came to be known as the Star Spangled Banner Flag - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Star-Spangled-Banner-1908-1919.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Star-Spangled-Banner-1908-1919.jpg/220px-Star-Spangled-Banner-1908-1919.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/5/5c/Star-Spangled-Banner-1908-1919.jpg/220px-Star-Spangled-Banner-1908-1919.jpg and is today on display in the National Museum of American History - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:National_Museum_of_American_History_1.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/National_Museum_of_American_History_1.jpg/300px-National_Museum_of_American_History_1.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/5/52/National_Museum_of_American_History_1.jpg/300px-National_Museum_of_American_History_1.jpg, a treasure of the Smithsonian Institution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Smithsonian_Building_NR.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Smithsonian_Building_NR.jpg/300px-Smithsonian_Building_NR.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/c/c0/Smithsonian_Building_NR.jpg/300px-Smithsonian_Building_NR.jpg. It was restored in 1914 by Amelia Fowler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, and again in 1998 as part of an ongoing conservation program.
    Aboard the ship the next day, Key wrote a poem on the back of a letter he had kept in his pocket. At twilight on 16 September, he and Skinner were released in Baltimore. He completed the poem at the Indian Queen Hotel, where he was staying, and he entitled it "Defence of Fort McHenry".
    Interestingly, much of the idea of the poem and even some of the wording is arguably derived from an earlier song by Key, also set to the tune of "Anacreon in Heaven". The song, known as "When the Warrior Returns",<sup id="cite_ref-4" class="reference">[5]</sup> is said to have been written in honor of Stephen Decatur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:StephenDecatur.jpeg" class="image"><img alt="StephenDecatur.jpeg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0c/StephenDecatur.jpeg/200px-StephenDecatur.jpeg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/0/0c/StephenDecatur.jpeg/200px-StephenDecatur.jpeg and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Stewart_(1778–1869) on their return from the First Barbary War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Ambox_globe_content.svg" class="image"><img alt="Globe icon." src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bd/Ambox_globe_content.svg/48px-Ambox_globe_content.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/b/bd/Ambox_globe_content.svg/48px-Ambox_globe_content.svg.png.
    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    John Stafford Smith - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:John_smith.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/40/John_smith.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@en/4/40/John_smith.jpg - memorial in Gloucester Cathedral - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Gloucester_Cathedral_-_2004-11-02.jpg" class="image"><img alt="Gloucester Cathedral - 2004-11-02.jpg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d3/Gloucester_Cathedral_-_2004-11-02.jpg/250px-Gloucester_Cathedral_-_2004-11-02.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/d/d3/Gloucester_Cathedral_-_2004-11-02.jpg/250px-Gloucester_Cathedral_-_2004-11-02.jpg, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England


    Key gave the poem to his brother-in-law, Judge Joseph H. Nicholson. Nicholson saw that the words fit the popular melody "The Anacreontic Song - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Edit-copy_purple-wikis.svg" class="image"><img alt="Edit-copy purple-wikis.svg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d0/Edit-copy_purple-wikis.svg/40px-Edit-copy_purple-wikis.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/d/d0/Edit-copy_purple-wikis.svg/40px-Edit-copy_purple-wikis.svg.png", of English people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:21_English_people.png" class="image"><img alt="21 English people.png" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/21_English_people.png/300px-21_English_people.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/8/82/21_English_people.png/300px-21_English_people.png composer John Stafford Smith - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:John_smith.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/40/John_smith.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@en/4/40/John_smith.jpg, which was the official song of the Anacreontic Society - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, an 18th-century gentlemen's club of amateur musicians in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London. Nicholson took the poem to a printer in Baltimore, who anonymously printed Broadside (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Tragical_Ballad_18th_century.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ab/Tragical_Ballad_18th_century.png/220px-Tragical_Ballad_18th_century.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/a/ab/Tragical_Ballad_18th_century.png/220px-Tragical_Ballad_18th_century.png copies of it – the song’s first known printing – on September 17; of these, two known copies survive.
    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    Francis Scott Key - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Key-Francis-Scott-LOC.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3d/Key-Francis-Scott-LOC.jpg/200px-Key-Francis-Scott-LOC.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/3/3d/Key-Francis-Scott-LOC.jpg/200px-Key-Francis-Scott-LOC.jpg's original manuscript copy of his "Star-Spangled Banner" poem. It is now on display at the Maryland Historical Society - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Flag_of_Maryland.svg" class="image"><img alt="Stub icon" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/Flag_of_Maryland.svg/30px-Flag_of_Maryland.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/a/a0/Flag_of_Maryland.svg/30px-Flag_of_Maryland.svg.png.


    On September 20, both the Baltimore Patriot and The American printed the song, with the note "Tune: Anacreon in Heaven". The song quickly became popular, with seventeen newspapers from Georgia to New Hampshire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Flag_of_New_Hampshire.svg" class="image" title="Flag of New Hampshire"><img alt="Flag of New Hampshire" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/28/Flag_of_New_Hampshire.svg/125px-Flag_of_New_Hampshire.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/2/28/Flag_of_New_Hampshire.svg/125px-Flag_of_New_Hampshire.svg.png printing it. Soon after, Thomas Carr of the Carr Music Store in Baltimore published the words and music together under the title "The Star-Spangled Banner", although it was originally called "Defence of Fort McHenry". The song’s popularity increased, and its first public performance took place in October, when Baltimore actor Ferdinand Durang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia sang it at Captain McCauley’s Tavern - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Question_book-new.svg" class="image"><img alt="Question book-new.svg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/99/Question_book-new.svg/50px-Question_book-new.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/9/99/Question_book-new.svg/50px-Question_book-new.svg.png.
    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    Commemorative plaque - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Dickson_library_plaque_ACT.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Dickson_library_plaque_ACT.jpg/220px-Dickson_library_plaque_ACT.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/9/9e/Dickson_library_plaque_ACT.jpg/220px-Dickson_library_plaque_ACT.jpg in Washington, D.C. marking the site at 601 Pennsylvania Avenue - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:oops:ldPostOfficePennAve.jpg" class="image"><img alt="OldPostOfficePennAve.jpg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0f/OldPostOfficePennAve.jpg/250px-OldPostOfficePennAve.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/0/0f/OldPostOfficePennAve.jpg/250px-OldPostOfficePennAve.jpg where "The Star-Spangled Banner" was first publicly sung


    The song gained popularity throughout the nineteenth century and bands played it during public events, such as Independence Day (United States) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Fourth_of_July_fireworks_behind_the_Washington_Monument,_1986.jpg" class="image" title="Independence Day"><img alt="Independence Day" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Fourth_of_July_fireworks_behind_the_Washington_Monument%2C_1986.jpg/225px-Fourth_of_July_fireworks_behind_the_Washington_Monument%2C_1986.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/6/68/Fourth_of_July_fireworks_behind_the_Washington_Monument%2C_1986.jpg/225px-Fourth_of_July_fireworks_behind_the_Washington_Monument%2C_1986.jpg celebrations. On July 27, 1889, Secretary of the Navy Benjamin F. Tracy signed General Order #374, making "The Star-Spangled Banner" the official tune to be played at the raising of the flag.
    In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:president_Woodrow_Wilson_portrait_December_2_1912.jpg" class="image" title="Woodrow Wilson"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2d/President_Woodrow_Wilson_portrait_December_2_1912.jpg/245px-President_Woodrow_Wilson_portrait_December_2_1912.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/2/2d/President_Woodrow_Wilson_portrait_December_2_1912.jpg/245px-President_Woodrow_Wilson_portrait_December_2_1912.jpg ordered that "The Star-Spangled Banner" be played at military and other appropriate occasions. Although the playing of the song two years later during the seventh-inning stretch of the 1918 World Series - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Ruth1918.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/d/dc/Ruth1918.jpg/200px-Ruth1918.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/d/dc/Ruth1918.jpg/200px-Ruth1918.jpg is often noted as the first instance that the anthem was played at a Baseball - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Wrigley_field_720.jpg" class="image"><img alt="Wrigley field 720.jpg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Wrigley_field_720.jpg/300px-Wrigley_field_720.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/9/9f/Wrigley_field_720.jpg/300px-Wrigley_field_720.jpg game, evidence shows that the "Star-Spangled Banner" was performed as early as 1897 at opening day ceremonies in Philadelphia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:philadelhpia_Montage_by_Jleon_0310.jpg" class="image" title="From top left, the Philadelphia skyline, a statue of Benjamin Franklin, the Liberty Bell, the Philadelphia Art Museum, Philadelphia City Hall, and Independence Hall"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/b2/Philadelhpia_Montage_by_Jleon_0310.jpg/325px-Philadelhpia_Montage_by_Jleon_0310.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/b/b2/Philadelhpia_Montage_by_Jleon_0310.jpg/325px-Philadelhpia_Montage_by_Jleon_0310.jpg and then more regularly at the Polo Grounds - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:polo_Grounds_original.JPG" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4e/Polo_Grounds_original.JPG/275px-Polo_Grounds_original.JPG"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/4/4e/Polo_Grounds_original.JPG/275px-Polo_Grounds_original.JPG in New York - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Flag_of_New_York.svg" class="image" title="Flag of New York"><img alt="Flag of New York" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Flag_of_New_York.svg/125px-Flag_of_New_York.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/1/1a/Flag_of_New_York.svg/125px-Flag_of_New_York.svg.png beginning in 1898. However, the tradition of performing the national anthem before every baseball game began in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II.<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference">[6]</sup> Today, the anthem is performed before the beginning of all Major League Soccer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:MLS_Logo.svg" class="image"><img alt="MLS Logo.svg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/ba/MLS_Logo.svg/125px-MLS_Logo.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/b/ba/MLS_Logo.svg/125px-MLS_Logo.svg.png, National Basketball Association - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:NBALogo.svg" class="image"><img alt="NBALogo.svg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/07/NBALogo.svg/100px-NBALogo.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/0/07/NBALogo.svg/100px-NBALogo.svg.png, National Football League - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:National_Football_League_2008.svg" class="image"><img alt="National Football League 2008.svg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/12/National_Football_League_2008.svg/150px-National_Football_League_2008.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/1/12/National_Football_League_2008.svg/150px-National_Football_League_2008.svg.png, Major League Baseball - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Major_League_Baseball.svg" class="image"><img alt="Major League Baseball.svg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/2/2a/Major_League_Baseball.svg/225px-Major_League_Baseball.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/2/2a/Major_League_Baseball.svg/225px-Major_League_Baseball.svg.png and National Hockey League - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:05_NHL_Shield.svg" class="image"><img alt="05 NHL Shield.svg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/3/3a/05_NHL_Shield.svg/200px-05_NHL_Shield.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/3/3a/05_NHL_Shield.svg/200px-05_NHL_Shield.svg.png games (with at least one American team playing), as well as in a pre-race ceremony portion of every NASCAR - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:NASCAR.svg" class="image"><img alt="NASCAR.svg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/cf/NASCAR.svg/125px-NASCAR.svg.png"@@AMEPARAM@@en/thumb/c/cf/NASCAR.svg/125px-NASCAR.svg.png race.
    On November 3, 1929, Robert Ripley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:oops:dditorium_Hollywood_0045.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Odditorium_Hollywood_0045.jpg/220px-Odditorium_Hollywood_0045.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/6/68/Odditorium_Hollywood_0045.jpg/220px-Odditorium_Hollywood_0045.jpg drew a panel in his syndicated cartoon, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ripley's_Believe_it_or_Not!, saying "Believe It or Not, America has no national anthem".<sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference">[7]</sup> In 1931, John Philip Sousa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:JohnPhilipSousa-Chickering.LOC.jpg" class="image"><img alt="JohnPhilipSousa-Chickering.LOC.jpg" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/JohnPhilipSousa-Chickering.LOC.jpg/200px-JohnPhilipSousa-Chickering.LOC.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/3/34/JohnPhilipSousa-Chickering.LOC.jpg/200px-JohnPhilipSousa-Chickering.LOC.jpg published his opinion in favor, stating that "it is the spirit of the music that inspires" as much as it is Key’s "soul-stirring" words. By a law signed on March 3, 1931 by President Herbert Hoover - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia@@AMEPARAM@@/wiki/File:Herbert_Clark_Hoover.jpg" class="image" title="Herbert Hoover"><img alt="" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Herbert_Clark_Hoover.jpg/245px-Herbert_Clark_Hoover.jpg"@@AMEPARAM@@commons/thumb/8/8d/Herbert_Clark_Hoover.jpg/245px-Herbert_Clark_Hoover.jpg, "The Star-Spangled Banner" was adopted as the official national anthem of the United States.
     
  5. Minuteman

    Minuteman Chaplain Moderator Founding Member

    Survivalmonkey.com, because a minds a terrible thing to waste.
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  6. Clyde

    Clyde Jet Set Tourer Administrator Founding Member

    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 25, 2015
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