Actually, I couldn't possibly disagree more with everything you said. First, you don't know if mankind would have been better off if the population were kept around half a billion. Perhaps some would appreciate the idea that we never gained anything useful from outer space, where the international space station sits vacant and without purpose and all "research" has been done -there just isn't anything left to do. If the multi-billion dollar waste of resources and funding is your idea of progress...then I suppose I am arguing to deaf ears. I don't believe mankind will be "sad and doomed" as you put it. A smaller population is a strong population. If it is not divided, then it does not expend energy and time fighting other humans. There is much progress that can be made in a future with few distractions. But, this is a dividing line even among the elites. Some believe that humans must be nurtured and allowed to exist in harmony to cultivate their true greatness, but always kept at population levels which are reasonable. Others believe that mankind can only truly progress through perpetual war; where the victor always comes out of the last war stronger, better than before. These ideologies follow chaos/order theory, and the reason for our apparent "evolution" as you may call it.