I took a course in Civilian First Response. It was 4 hours packed full of information and it was designed to get you to explore, practice and learn how to respond when Mass Violence happens. It was a stepping stone. Officials love statistics and statistically mass violence usually happens in the suburbs, Boston being one exception. Also there is statistically significant events in the third week of April from the 14th through 20th. These April events include worldwide, thus there is the higher incident rate. The class I attended borrowed heavily from the military and law enforcement, including DHS and FBI. The reality is, mass violence happens. It can happen to you. When you prepare, you save lives. One must ask- what is my goal? Who is my enemy? And why do they hate me/us? These answers do vary on different levels. Foreign or domestic, you are at risk. Now ask yourself, is the United States ready for attacks like we saw in Mumbai or Paris? Columbine was a shooting that was pivotal in way officials respond to Mass violent events. It took officials 40 minutes to enter the building during the columbine shooting. Since then officials have trained and cut down the response time to minutes on most cases but there is still work to do. This leaves you at danger until officials arrive. But prior to this we need to be left of bang. Left of Bang http://www.cp-journal.com/wp-conten...ng-Summer-issue-Patrick-van-horne-article.pdf A shooting occurs. Bang. For most it will take a few minutes to realize what is happening. Think of how noisy a mall or sporting event is. If you are not aware of dangers, it will take more time for you to process what is truly happening. When the event happens the body will react, it is called Sympathetic Nervous System Activation. The sympathetic nervous system is activated during emergencies -- or what you perceive or interpret to be emergencies. You become alert, vigilant, aroused, activated and prepared for action. This is what stimulates our flight or fight response. They have also started to add freeze to the stimulus response. Everyone has an SNS response. After learning about left of bang and the Sympathetic system activation then we studied the OODA loop. Called the OODA Loop, the model outlines a four-point decision loop that supports quick, effective and proactive decision-making. The four stages are: Observe – collect current information from as many sources as practically possible. Orient – analyze this information, and use it to update your current reality. Decide – determine a course of action. Act – follow through on your decision. You continue to cycle through the OODA Loop by observing the results of your actions, seeing whether you've achieved the results you intended, reviewing and revising your initial decision, and moving to your next action. Detailed information on the OODA loop here: OODA Loops: Understanding the Decision Cycle More OODA Loop info Boyd’s O.O.D.A Loop and How We Use It Many that have served in the military and law enforcement know most of what I have talked about but this information is not just for them. The world is becoming a dangerous place and someday it could be you that needs to act. Most people train till they get it right. A warrior trains till they can't get it wrong. Be a warrior. I heard lots of phrases, terms and mottos- PACE- Primary, Alternate, Contingency, and Emergency Aware, Prepare, Respond Avoid, deter, deescalate Candyman Be courteous to everyone, friendly to no one. Watch their hands, hands kill Have a plan/ have a backup plan When “IT” happens: Accept what has happened, face the challenge, keep moving and thinking.