Another thread brought up an interesting point: would you be alive today if you had not had access to pharmaceutical products? How many around you will be affected in a group without daily meds? I found it to run about 50%. I'm not sure how to treat hospitalizations and/or surgery, because most of the time hospitalized patients receive pharmaceutical products. So let's do this: if you were hospitalized for a procedure that was not life-threatening, mark no. I threw in some wiggle room. If you've had an antibiotic you might or might not have gotten better without it, so you can say probably no, probably yes. Keep in mind that George Washington probably died of acute epiglottis, which is now treated with antibiotics. Let's see what happens in a cross section of the Monkey.